The arrival of COVID-19 vaccines is a significant development. Families and communities will gradually return to a normal life after more and more people get vaccinated. Many people have questions regarding covid vaccines. The main question, however, haunting their mind is Covid vaccine side effects.
Let us look at the common side effects of the COVID vaccines and how long they last.
Covid vaccine side effects
COVID-19 vaccination may cause mild side effects during the first or second dose.
- Redness, pain, or swelling on the injection site
- Muscle pain
- Joint pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Swollen lymph nodes
Much of these side effects occur in the three days after vaccination and may last a day or two.
Covid vaccine side effects- demography wise
However, vaccines may affect different groups of people differently.
For example, in the United States, increased cases of Pericarditis and Myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination were reported among male adolescents. The inflammation of the heart muscle is Myocarditis, and the inflammation of the lining outside the heart is Pericarditis. The CDC is still investigating this.
Serious Janssen/Johnson & Johnson COVID vaccine side effects can occur within 21 days of vaccination and require emergency care. Possible symptoms are:
- Shortness in breathing
- Continuous stomach pain
- Persistent headaches or blurred vision
- Pain in chest
- Leg swelling
- Bruising or tiny red spots on the injection site
Vaccination side effects are mild to moderate such as headaches and muscle aches. These are common in the first three days and don’t need emergency care.
Some people may get Guillain-Barre syndrome in rare cases by getting the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson vaccine. One should get immediate medical care if there is weakness, tingling sensations, difficulty walking, difficulty in facial movements, double vision, and difficulty in controlling the bladder.
Vaccine for Coronavirus: Covid vaccine side effects
Three vaccines have received approval for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration. They have been scrutinized, tested, and found to be safe and effective in preventing COVID-19. Even now, they are undergoing continuous safety monitoring.
Myocarditis and the COVID-19 vaccination side effects
More than a thousand cases of Pericarditis and Myocarditis have been recorded since April 2021. It happened after receiving the Pfizer or Moderna coronavirus vaccines in the United States.
These reports are scarce based on the millions of COVID-19 vaccine doses that people have received. The side effects of covid vaccine take place in adolescents and young adults, and men. The myocarditis or pericarditis are usually mild and resolve in a short time.
Seek medical attention within a few days of receiving the second injection of an mRNA vaccine, such as Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna. You or your child may experience chest pain, shortness of breath, fast-beating, pounding, or fluttering heartbeat.
Johnson & Johnson vaccine has rare Covid vaccine side effects
Some people got a severe blood clotting condition after receiving the J&J vaccine. Mainly, this problem occurs in adult women younger than age fifty. Available data shows benefits outweigh its potential and known risks.
Women younger than 50 years should stay alert if they opt for J&J vaccines. They may go for other COVID-19 vaccines to be on the safe side.
One should keep an eye on symptoms of a blood clot with low platelets known as thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome. TTS is serious, but it is very rare and treatable.
If you get these symptoms within three weeks of receiving the J&J vaccine- seek medical care.
- Severe headaches or blurred vision
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Swelling of leg
- Severe abdominal pain
- Tiny blood spots near the injection site
Covid 19 vaccine side effects: how long do covid vaccine side effects last?
In just a few months, millions of people have been fully vaccinated safely. The CDC and FDA still carefully monitor every authorized COVID-19 vaccine for safety concerns.
These two organizations are transparent and reliable. For example, in April 2020, the CDC and FDA stopped the J&J vaccine as they wanted to review data on reported cases of serious blood clots. This review found that the benefits of the J&J vaccine outweigh the rare side effect and allowed the J&J vaccine to continue.
The CDC released information for the public after noticing rare occurrences of myocarditis during the second injection of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines.
Steps to assure no long term effects of covid vaccine occur
Federal agencies have kept safety a top priority while working with vaccine manufacturers. These are some of the steps they follow.
- Careful monitoring of testing. All vaccines have to undergo clinical trials to test effectiveness and safety. The FDA has high safety standards for vaccine developers to meet to develop a COVID-19 vaccine. The National Institute of Health has an infographic consisting of four phases a vaccine goes through before releasing to the public.
- Emergency use authorizations. A vaccine needs to address an emergency like a coronavirus pandemic. If it is effective and safe, the FDA can enable EUA. A EUA allows the use of a vaccine before the FDA approval.
- Continuous monitoring for covid vaccine side effects. Even if a vaccine gets a EUA, the FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continue to make sure no issues arise. Data on the vaccine’s safety gets more accurate after more people receive the vaccine. The Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System reports any adverse side effects after vaccination.
Is there any covid vaccine long-term side effects or safety concerns?
There are some issues with Johnson & Johnson vaccines and a less frequent incidence of myocarditis after the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines.
However, the clinical trials for the vaccine’s safety have had monitoring boards. The expert panels and FDA constantly review the safety data. The problems in test participants are consistently very low. There is hardly any variation between who received the vaccine and those who got a placebo.
Millions have received the vaccines since authorization. The careful monitoring of all three COVID-19 vaccines is still on.
What are the side effects of covid 19 vaccines, or are there any allergies?
The CDC states that if someone gets a severe allergy such as anaphylaxis to any vaccine ingredients, they should avoid receiving that vaccine.
The CDC also states if some people have allergies to foods, latex, insects, or other common allergens. They can safely take the COVID-19 vaccine. Those with a severe allergic reaction to injectables or other vaccines should talk about the vaccination with their doctor and assess their risk.
What are the side effects of covid vaccine second dose?
Covid vaccine Pfizer side effects or Moderna vaccines are not severe. These vaccinations have two injections separated by several weeks.
- If you had COVID-19 before getting vaccinated, the first injection might give you more noticeable side effects than those who have never contracted the virus.
- If you didn’t have COVID-19 before, you might experience some Covid vaccine side effects after the first dose.
Vaccines developed in a short time may have long term effects of covid vaccine, right?
Vaccines may have taken many years to develop in the past, but the rapid development of vaccines does not mean that standards were relaxed. Let’s look into several reasons that led to the development of vaccines faster.
- The technologies for developing the vaccines have been there for years to tackle pandemic or infectious diseases. The manufacturing was ready from the very beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Many countries provided genetic information about the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus after its availability. This helped vaccine developers find a vaccine.
- Although the testing processes weren’t skipped, the vaccine developers gathered as much data as quickly as possible.
- Governments chipped in enough money to vaccine developers that helped with the resources they needed.
- Some COVID-19 vaccines used messenger RNA (mRNA). It is a new technology with a faster approach than the usual manufacture of vaccines.
- Social media helped companies enroll study volunteers. Plenty of research participants came forward to test the COVID-19 vaccination.
- The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is very contagious. Therefore, many volunteers received vaccines. With various exposures, the clinical trials took less time to notice if the vaccine worked.
- Companies manufactured vaccines ahead of the authorization or approval process.
From an overall review of this subject matter, we can see there are some covid vaccine side effects. But these side effects are minor and rare. Share this write-up with your friends, family, and loved ones to spread awareness. If you have Covid-19, book an RT PCR test with us.
Frequesntly Asked Questions
The CDC has put forward and updated some recommendations once you have completed your COVID-19 vaccines. You have to allow a minimum of two weeks for your immune system to respond to the Covid-19 vaccination. Note down these highlights of what fully vaccinated people should do.
- Continue the activities you were doing before the pandemic.
- Vaccinated people don’t have to wear a mask or physically distance themselves. However, they have to follow the federal, state, local, tribal laws, etc.
You won’t get COVID-19 from the side effects of Covid-19 vaccine. The COVID-19 vaccines don’t contain any virus or infectious material.
The FDA and other reviewers have considered diverse populations during the trials for safety purposes. These clinical trials included underrepresented minorities, older age groups, and people with obesity, diabetes, heart, and respiratory conditions.
Johns Hopkins Medicine has reviewed all three available COVID-19 vaccines and has talked about the side effects of covid vaccine. Their review found vaccines are highly effective in preventing infection, hospitalization, and death from COVID-19. The benefits of being fully vaccinated against Covid-19 outweigh the risks of side effects. Even institutes like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC encourage people to get vaccinated from any legitimate and authorized organization.
At this moment, many COVID-19 vaccines are going through clinical trials. The Food and Drug Administration reviews the effectiveness of covid vaccine before approving it. However, the approval can take months or years. Thus, the FDA will first provide emergency use authorization based on less data than is typically required. This data must show that the vaccines are safe and effective. The following are three vaccines with FDA emergency use authorization.
- Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is 95% effective in stopping the symptoms in people aged 16 and older. This vaccine has shown 100% effectiveness in preventing the virus in children ages 12 to 15. People aged 12 and older can take this vaccine. It contains two injections within 21 days. The second dose needs to be taken six weeks after the first dose.
- Moderna COVID-19 vaccine is 94% effective with the Covid-19 symptoms. This vaccine is for 18 and older and requires two injections 28 days apart. You can take the second dose six weeks after the first dose.
Janssen/Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine is 66% effective in preventing the COVID-19 virus 14 days after vaccination. The vaccine has 85% effectiveness in stopping severe disease with the COVID-19 virus minimum of 28 days after vaccination. People aged 18 and older can go for it as it requires one injection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Food and Drug Administration have recommended this vaccine in the U.S.